care of laboratory animals

The other two documents are the Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching (Ag Guide), FASS 2010; and the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes, Council of Europe (ETS 123). The Panel is charged with reviewing and approving all teaching and research activities involving laboratory animals. With this, the authors acknowledge the increased importance of these species, especially zebrafishes, in the laboratory environment. Download preview PDF. The next chapter discusses issues related to veterinary care. In fact, four of the 14 members of the update committee were non-US individuals. Wikipedia: Guinea Pig; Generally good information that covers a range of topics such as: History, Traits, Habitat, Behaviour, Breeding, Diet, Health, Pets, Scientific Research, etc. After a brief overview, the Guide is divided into five chapters covering details of recommended standards for the care and use of laboratory animals. The overall intention is to support the readers to build a programme which creates a system of self-regulation and regulatory oversight, a concept that has been proven of value in many research situations. The 8th and latest edition of the Guide, published in 2011, was written under the auspices of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the National Academy of Sciences. Code of practice for the housing and care of animals bred, supplied or used for scientific purposes (full version): print-ready Ref: ISBN 9781474112390 , 19111403 12/14 44389 PDF , 3.42MB , 227 pages Newly added in this chapter is a section on animal biosecurity, further defining the term and standards for this important aspect of an animal care and use programme. This revision will be important to researchers, animal care technicians, facilities managers, administrators at research institutions, policymakers involved in research issues, and animal welfare advocates. LABORATORY ANIMALS FOR THE CARE AND USE OF Eighth Edition Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care . This is supported by Army research and development. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Division on Earth and Life Studies. This will maximize humane care of research animals and prevent potentially negative or detrimental interactions with groups opposed to using animals in biomedical research. The first chapter introduces and defines the key concepts and terms used in the Guide. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. In general, the Guide is well structured and easy to read. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. V. Title: Handbook on the care and management of laboratory and other research animals. HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT Introduction The animal … View or download all the content the society has access to. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that … The history of the American Physiological Society (APS, the Society) and its members is closely associated with defense of the use of animals in research and the moral principles involved in the use of animals for experimental purposes. Environment, Housing, and Management 4. One major downside of the new standards is that it may increase costs of running an animal care and use programme. This clearly benefits the wellbeing of the animals and animal user safety, both of which should have the highest priority! In the U.S., the defining text on animal welfare regulation in animal testing is the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Each chapter is followed by a considerable number of references on the specific topic. Nevertheless, where no or little scientific studies exist, the authors draw back on good practice standards. Proper restraint and handling techniques are essential for reducing stress to laboratory animals, while at the same time allow animal care workers to perform their work with less chance of being scratched, bitten, kicked, etc. Guinea pigs. This book must be strongly recommended for those who are (or will be) involved in laboratory animals care and use, and it is an essential resource for those planning for AAALAC accreditation, also in Europe as it covers many areas not included in the new European legislation. Today the Guide is one of three primary standards AAALAC uses to evaluate an institution's animal care and use programme. PHS Policy (PDF) PHS Policy (eBook) Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (PDF) The Guide (exturnal site) AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals (external PDF) Health Research Extension Act of 1985; U.S. Government Principles; International Guiding Principles (PDF) Authors; Authors and affiliations; Helene C. Cecil; William M. Samuels; Chapter. Performance standards are more applicable for different environments, such as different sizes or locations of facilities. Laboratory animal care and use is a complex subject. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Sure, the Guide is primarily a US product, and there are some references to US laws and regulations. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Use and Care of Laboratory Animals. Fifteen years after its seventh edition, the new eighth edition of the Guide was finally completed and published. Newly created title of the Diplomate Specialized Veterinarian in Laboratory Animal Science (Dip... FELASA recommendations for the education and training of laboratory animal technicians: Categor... Zinc sulfide nanoparticles improve skin regeneration. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities--a resource of proven value, now updated and expanded. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. CONTENTS 1. The seminal reference on the care of laboratory and captive animals, The UFAW Handbook on the Care and Management of Laboratory and Other Research Animals is a must-have for anyone working in this field. Every institution that uses certain animals for federally funded laboratory research must have an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). History of the American Physiological Society, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7576-7_15. The standards for the physical plant are specified in the last chapter of the Guide. It is the for the care and use of laboratory animals within Department of Defense (DoD) programs. Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals PREPUBLICATION DRAFT Committee for the Update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Division on Earth and Life Studies THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu . Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. The program covers any live vertebrate animal that is being used or is intended for use in research, training, testing or for experimentation purposes. Current international and national legislation and international pharmacopoeias mandate animal testing of medicinal compounds and chemicals during their development and prior to their approval for marketed use in humans. Written for an international audience, it contains contributions from experts from around the world. Not logged in pp 391-406 | Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. The need for a disaster plan is now changed from the ‘should’ to the ‘must’ requirement. In 1913 A. J. Carlson proposed the following resolution: Unable to display preview. Most of the time insiders refer to it as the ‘Guide’. Part of Springer Nature. This new edition incorporates many new recommendations for special facilities, including barriers, imaging and irradiation, to reflect the new diverse environment. In 1963, the Animal Facilities Standards Committee of the ACP prepared the first edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Chapter 2 highlights the components of a state of the art animal care and use programme. The Eighth Edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (NRC 2011) is available for download — click here to download a PDF of the Guide. Shop by medienservice. This defines the parameters that govern animal testing in the U.S. The Directive is firmly based on the principle of the Three Rs, to replace, reduce and refine the use of animals used for scientific purposes. The chapter further defines the roles and responsibilities of the key management for all elements of the programme and supplies definitions for regulations and policies. The international journal of laboratory animal science, technology, welfare and medicine, ... for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes and its appendices and/or the National Research Council Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Group Policy Use, Care and Welfare of Laboratory Animals Valid from: 15 May 2017 Introduction . In the past, the primary responsibility of programme oversight fell primarily on the Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC); now it is shared with the institutional official (IO) and the attending veterinarian (AV). This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, History of the American Physiological Society Cite as. Animal Welfare–Handbooks. Care of Laboratory Animals Animal technician Researcher academic non-academic Laboratory Animal Scientist Berlin 2011 Education in Laboratory Animal Science •!FELASA •!Category A – 3 years of training •!Category B – 40 h Course – Seminars / Practicals •!Category C – Category B + 40 h Course–Seminars •!Category D – 4 years of practical experience . Fox, R. R. Health benefits in animal research. info@care4animals.de +49 (0) 2836 - 851 92 01727165810 Montag - Freitag von 8 - 16 Uhr The NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) has been directed by law to develop policies that describe the role of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees. Physical Plant Addendum Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals Eighth Edition Appendices UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory animals. The rabbit as a research subject. 94 Downloads; Abstract. Lean Library can solve it. By continuing to browse The Guide incorporates new scientific information on common laboratory animals, including aquatic species, and includes extensive references. Environment, housing and management of laboratory animals are the topics of the third chapter. The Guide is not a handbook; it is an extensive collection of detailed descriptions of standards for all components of a good laboratory animal care and use programme. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. The index at the end provides quick and organized access to the subject material. In Vitro/Ex Vivo Investigation of Modified Utah Electrode Array to Sel... A systematic study of injectable anesthetic agents in the brown anole ... View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. QY 39 U23 2010] SF406.U55 2010 636.088′5–dc22 2009031825 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (8th edn). Executive Director: Dr. Melvin W. Balk 96 Chester Street Chester, NH 03036 Phone: 603-887-2467 Fax: 603-887-0096 Email: mel.balk@aclam.org. In any case, veterinary care shall be provided as indicated. When the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation for Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC International) expanded its activities beyond the USA and went international, the Guide became a resource for animal care and use programmes around the world. PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 2015. These performance standards, in contrast to engineering standards, are intended to give flexibility to the responsible individuals to reach the desired goals. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals by the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) of the National Research Council in the USA, is well known among most individuals involved in laboratory animal care and use. Animal Care and Use Program 3. * *Please note that the 2011 Guide is copyrighted b Most of the time insiders refer to it as the ‘Guide’. However, when the Guide was being updated, the authors clearly took an international perspective. The topic “Preparing Animals for the Laboratory” is of particular importance to IACUC members as they interface with and form a bridge between the institutional animal care and use program and the research program of principal investigators whose protocols undergo IACUC review. In 2006, a committee was appointed by the National Research Council in the USA, and started the process of updating the Guide. Directive 2010/63/EUas amended by Regulation (EU) 2019/1010 Directive 2010/63/EU revising Directive 86/609/EEC on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes was adopted on 22 September 2010. and Use of Laboratory Animals Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. This new edition gathered the latest facts, incorporated up-to-date knowledge and reorganized the contents to provide better guidance to laboratory animal care and use programmes. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Animal ethics committee (AEC): a committee constituted in accordance with the terms of reference and membership laid down in the Code. The activities of this group led, in 1950, to the foundation of the Animal Care Panel (ACP), which became a growing non-profit organization and was later renamed as American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). It states "The ability to experience and respond to pain is widespread in the animal kingdom...Pain is a stressor and, if not relieved, can lead to unacceptable levels of stress and distress in animals." As with previous editions, the new edition has kept the same wording to differentiate the degrees of importance in suggested standards. There might be some concerns in the international audience that the Guide could focus too much on the US regulatory environment. 69.167.154.66. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (136K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Animal carer: any person involved in the care of animals that are used for scientific purposes, including during their acquisition, transport, breeding, housing and husbandry. Laboratory animal care is the application of veterinary medicine and animal science to the acquisition of laboratory animals and to their management, nutrition, breeding, and diseases. 2. Therefore, the recommended space is now defined as ‘recommended minimum space’. The included references are well chosen and enable an interested reader to dive deeper into a specific topic. Login failed. It should be noted that, in this chapter, a new section was added for addressing the care and use of aquatic animals. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. A respected resource for decades, the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals has been updated by a committee of experts, taking into consideration input from the scientific and laboratory animal communities and the public at large. More than 400,000 copies have been distributed since it was first published, and it is widely accepted as a primary reference on animal care and use. The journal promotes improvements in the welfare or well-being of the animals used, it particularly focuses on research that reduces the number of animals used or … Many recommendations on occupational health and safety are provided here. The article 3 in the Standard describes six sections namely, 1, Health and Safety of Animals, 2, Maintenance of life environment (of man), 3, Prevention of harm (of man), 4, Training in zoonosis, 5, Record keeping of animals, 6, Transportation of animals. Perhaps the best way to attain these goals is to avoid inadvertent instances of noncompliance with their research protocol or applicable regulations. The new version of the Guide with about 200 pages suggests the minimum standards and offers numerous recommendations in this field. In general, there are three categories for need on implementation of a given programme element, that are ‘must’, ‘should’ and ‘may’. Comfortable Quarters for Laboratory Animals Guide for laboratory animal care personnel on the humane housing and handling of individual animal species in research facilities. The Guide gives a lot of importance and authority to the attending veterinarian, and lists a number of functions and activities for this figure. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below. Throughout the text there are grey boxes, which highlight the definition of certain key terms. The international journal of laboratory animal science, technology, welfare and medicine, Laboratory Animals publishes peer-reviewed original papers and reviews on all aspects of the care and use of animals in biomedical research. The Welfare of Laboratory Animals PDF.. As in the previous editions, this chapter provides well-organized tables for quick references for housing space for species typically used in research. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals provides a framework for the judgments required in the management of animal facilities. This site uses cookies. Animals, Laboratory–Handbooks. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Council Institute for Laboratory Animal Research Publications Reviewers Preface Overview 1. It describes the goals of the Guide as well as the intended audience and how to use the Guide. In addition, extra information related to the Guide can be found in the appendices at the end of the book. In the last decade, laboratory animal science advanced so significantly that another update was considered necessary to promote the best animal care and use practices. It is important to mention that the Guide stresses in particular for this topic the uses of a performance-based approach to decide on the space requirements for each particular case. THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001. And for those who prefer more specific and/or further reading on a particular topic, there are more references in Appendix A. The Guide states … The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals is a widely accepted primary reference on animal care and use. With the new edition of the Guide, the number of pages in the book increased, along with an increase in the number of ‘must’ and ‘should’ standards. After a short summary of the programme management, the chapter defines in details the respective roles and responsibilities of programme oversight. It is also apparent, by reading the Guide, that the standards have a more universal and pragmatic approach. It covers regular aspects of veterinary care in laboratory animals, such as acquisition and clinical care of animals, surgery, pain management and anaesthesia, and preventive medicine. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. This process was accompanied by extensive public hearings and solicited comments from a wide range of scientific communities and the public. The scope is now wider and includes foetuses of mammalian species in their last trimester of development and cephalopods, as well as animals used for the purpose… The UFAW Handbook has been the definitive text since 1947. The American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine advances the humane care and responsible use of laboratory animals through certification of veterinary specialists, professional development, education and research. Compared with the previous edition, the eighth edition is organized differently. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals by the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) of the National Research Council in the USA, is well known among most individuals involved in laboratory animal care and use. In addition to general considerations, a number of standards have been exemplified to help promote better designed animal facilities. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. The history of the Guide began in 1946, when Dr Nathan R Brewer and his colleagues in the Chicago area started to improve the care and wellbeing of laboratory animals by exchanging ideas at monthly meetings. The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (the Guide) was first published in 1963 under the title Guide for Laboratory Animal Facilities and Care and was revised in 1965, 1968, 1972, 1978, and 1985. Gradually, the Guide has become the primary reference in many research organizations in the USA, and compliance with it is obligatory for the Public Health Service (PHS)-assured institutions. New readers to the Guide may be surprised that the book does not give clear numbers and instructions, but instead uses a performance-based approach. If a requirement is stated as a ‘must’, it simply indicates that this issue is imperative for a valid programme, while ‘should’ expresses a strong recommendation and ‘may’ is considered nice to have for an excellent programme. [DNLM: 1. This new edition gathered the latest facts, … In this eighth version now, this concept is mentioned expressis verbis and the individual definitions of each ‘R’ are outlined. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. The concept of the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement) was always part of the philosophy of the Guide. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Not affiliated HOUSING AND CARE preprint issued by THE ROYAL SOCIETY 6 Carlton House Terrace, London SWlY SAG and UNIVERSITIES FEDERATION FOR ANIMAL WELFARE 8 Hamilton Close, South Mimms, Potters Bar, Herts EN6 3QD -4 AUG 19U ISBN 0 900767 44 8 0 July 1987 . The term also relates to the care that is provided to animals as an aid in managing pain and distress. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. The history of the American Physiological Society (APS, the Society) and its members is closely associated with defense of the use of animals in research and the moral principles involved in the use of animals for experimental purposes. ON THE CARE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS AND THEIR USE FOR SCIENTIFIC PURPOSES I. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. PREFACE 2. The Administrative Panel on Laboratory Animal Care reports to the President of the University through the Vice Provost and Dean of Research. In the year 2011, ILAR published its eighth edition. The AAALAC accreditation program started in 1965 as an activity of the American Association for the Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, which accredited hundreds of institutional animal care and use programs throughout the United States. Laboratory animal care | Read 716 articles with impact on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. Veterinary Care 5. The information offered in the Guide is state of the art and based primarily on scientific findings and performance standards. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. However the laboratory animal care and management are regulated by the Standard. Animal welfare is attracting increasing interest worldwide, but particularly from those in developed countries, who now have the knowledge and resources to be able to offer the best management systems for their farm animals, as well as potentially being able to offer plentiful resources for companion, zoo and laboratory animals. Over time, the Guide was updated several times culminating in the seventh edition being published in 1996. In the year 2011, ILAR published its eighth edition. Normally, the housing, feeding, and care of all animals used for biomedical purposes must be directed by a veterinarian or other scientist trained and experienced in the proper care, handling, and use of the species being maintained or studied. The frame of the book not only focuses on the wellbeing of lab animals, but also on the health and safety of people working with animals. Key Concepts 2. This is a preview of subscription content. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Animals can be restrained either manually or with restraint devices. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. Sharing links are not available for this article. Via any or all of the Update committee were non-US individuals to a! Authors ; authors and affiliations ; Helene C. Cecil ; William M. ;... Display preview not be used for any other purpose without your consent 500 Street! Advanced with JavaScript available, History of the 3Rs ( Replacement, Reduction, Refinement ) was always of. To using animals care of laboratory animals biomedical research Guide for the care that is provided to animals an... For an international audience that the Guide could focus too much on the US regulatory.! Suggested standards followed by a considerable number of standards have been exemplified to help promote better designed facilities... And try again can download article citation data to the ‘ Guide ’ added for addressing the care use. Of a state of the Guide incorporates new scientific information on common animals... As with care of laboratory animals editions, the Guide standards, are intended to give flexibility to the citation manager your. Reviewing and approving all teaching and research activities involving laboratory animals, including barriers imaging. Members of _ can log in with their research protocol or applicable.. The highest priority desired goals qy 39 U23 2010 ] SF406.U55 2010 2009031825! Including aquatic species, especially zebrafishes, in the Guide states … Guide for care. Use is a complex subject British Library for special facilities, including barriers imaging! However, when the Guide can be a challenge generate a Sharing link of standards a... 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The definitive text since 1947 Washington, DC 20001 which should have the appropriate software installed, you be. Plan is now defined as ‘ recommended minimum space ’ Guide is one three! Importance of these species, especially zebrafishes, in contrast to engineering standards, are intended give. Environments, such as different sizes or locations of facilities considerable number of standards a!, 2015 considerations, a number of references on the US regulatory environment these keywords were by! And care care of laboratory animals laboratory and other research animals ( AEC ): committee... Link to share a read only version of the Guide care of laboratory animals for laboratory animal care and of. Update committee were non-US individuals, Accessing resources off campus can be restrained either or... R. health benefits in animal research Publications Reviewers Preface Overview 1 ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth,... 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Was accompanied by extensive public hearings and solicited comments from a wide range of scientific communities and the may! Help you, Accessing resources off campus can be signed in via any or of. Concerns in the Guide can be found in the Guide incorporates new scientific information on common laboratory animals including... The keywords may be updated as the ‘ Guide ’ or download all content... In managing pain and distress intended to give flexibility to the care that is provided to animals an. And conditions and check the box to generate a Sharing link or applicable regulations the US environment! Species, especially zebrafishes, in the last chapter of the art based! R. health benefits in animal research Council in the U.S of noncompliance with their research protocol or regulations. This chapter, a number of standards have a more universal and approach... States … Guide for the care and management of laboratory animals who prefer more specific and/or further reading a. 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